- Click the Map frame in the Contents window.
- Click the Scale tab in the Properties window.
- Enter the 8000 in the Scaling ratio (1:N) field. This specifies that N = 8000 and is the number of number of units per one inch
- Calculate the corresponding value for your map units (see below).
- Select Map in the Object Manager.
- In the Property Manager, click the Scale tab.
- Enter the calculated X or Y scale value. For example, if you wanted 1" = 8000' and your map is in feet, you would enter 8000 to the right of Map units per in. for your X or Y scale.
- If your map is in units of feet, then you would simply type in 8000. So Map units per in. = 8000.
- If your map is in units of meters, then you need to do some math. 8000 feet is 2438 meters. So 1"=8000' is the same as 1"=2438 meters, and you would enter Map units per in. = 2438.
- If your map is in units of lat/long, then you need to do some slightly more complicated math. You will need to convert 8000 feet to latitude and longitude.
1° of latitude is about 68.703 miles (362751 feet). So 8000 feet is about 0.02205° latitude. Insert this for the Y scale (Map units per in. = 0.02205 for the Y Scale).
1° of longitude is 69.172 miles * cos(latitude). So find the latitude of the center of your map and insert it in the equation to find how many miles 1° of longitude is for your map. So if your central latitude value is 39.5°:
1° longitude = 69.172 mi * cos (39.5)
= 365228.16 feet * 0.77162
= 281819 feet
8000' divided by 281819 '/° = 0.02839 map units (°)
Therefore, 8000 feet is 0.02839° longitude (at 39.5° latitude). Insert this for the X scale (Map units per in. = 0.02839 for the X Scale).
Updated February 8, 2017